What I saw was different from all I had seen in my own country, i

What I saw was different from all I had seen in my own country, in the US and in Australia. After the Soviet Union, Japan was another different world. I had some papers with Kazuo Shibata and young Japanese collegues (Inoue et al. 1978; Kobayashi et al. 1979a, b). Fig. 4 Kazuo

Shibata with Secretary Asayo Suzuki in 1965, VS-4718 in vivo courtesy Asayo Iino, Tokyo, formerly Asayo Suzuki Kazuo has my gratitude and my great respect for his tolerance of the foreigner. I had been slow to understand him. When I left, I was, possibly, still a democrat, but subsequent experiences in my own Microtubule Associated inhibitor country made me adopt much of what I had learnt in Japan. I had understood that loneliness is often a price to be paid for success. As another result

of my Japanese sabbatical, Yoshichika Kobayashi and Tetsuro Mimura came as postdocs to my laboratories in Düsseldorf and later to Würzburg. Kozi Asada came as Humboldt-prize winner. All of the Japanese collegues I had contact with were dedicated scientists, possessed by the Samurai spirit (see e.g., Mimura et al. 1990; Kobayashi and Heber 1995; Asada et al. 1993). They were followed by Chinese postdocs (see e.g., Ye and Heber 1984; Yin et al. 1990; Wu et al. 1991). University Selleckchem SBE-��-CD of Würzburg In 1978, the possibility arose to make a change once again. I received an offer to go to Würzburg as head of the chair of Botany I of the University. One hundred years earlier, Professor Julius von very Sachs had established plant physiology there as an internationally accepted field of botanical research. Otto Lange, which whom I had visited the Soviet Union in 1962, headed the chair of Botany II. He had become a renowned ecologist (Fig. 5). The possibility of co-operation with him influenced my decision. I accepted and left the Rhineland for Frankonia in the North of

Bavaria. At the University of Würzburg I remained in a position of C4-Professor and, later, as speaker of a Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB) in which several institutes of biology and chemistry combined their research efforts until I retired officially in 1996. Intermittently, I managed to escape for a time when extended professorial and administrative duties of a large chair threatened to weigh me down. David Walker, by then head of the Robert Hill Institute of the University of Sheffield (Fig. 6), had arranged a Fellowship of the Royal Society which gave me the opportunity to go to Sheffield when life in Würzburg became intolerable. There, I could engage in experimentation. An alternative possibility for escape was provided by Roland Douce and Richard Bligny at the University of Grenoble in France. Work in the French alps led to several papers (Bligny et al. 1997 and other papers). The French university possessed a well-equipped alpine ecological station at the Col du Lautaret in the Alps which I could visit for experimental work on mountain plants as often as I wished. Fig.

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