Thus, the detailed composition of SOA was only slightly influenced by the presence or absence of hydroxyl radical scavenging hexane. The negative-ion mass spectra of the SOA contained four groups of peaks with increasing mass spectral complexity corresponding to increasing molecular weight. The mean values of 0:C decreased from 0.55 to 0.42 with increasing molecular weight, but the
mean value of H:C, approximately 1.5, did not change with increasing molecular weight. The molecular formulas with the highest VX-770 clinical trial relative abundances in Groups I and II contained 5-7 and 7-10 oxygen atoms and 3-4 and 5-7 double bond equivalents, respectively. The molecular formulas with the highest relative abundances in Groups III and IV contained 10-13 and 13-16 oxygen atoms and 7-9 and 9-11 double bond equivalents, respectively. AZD5582 mw Observations of the oxygen content
and the double bond equivalents of the SOA products suggest a complex mixture of accretion reaction mechanisms, without an easily confirmable dominating pathway. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Polylactide (PLA) was copolymerized with polybutadiene (PBD) to improve its impact properties. Triblock copolymers of poly(lactide-b-butadiene-b-lactide) (PLBDL) were obtained by the ring opening polymerization of lactide using tin 2-ethylhexanoate (Sn(Oct)(2)) and hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene (HTPBD) as a catalyst and macroinitiator, respectively. PLA and PLBDL were blended at 5, 10, and 15 wt% PLBDL. After blending, the samples exhibited a shift in the T (g) of PLA, which means that PLBDL and PLA are compatible. The tensile strength and Young’s modulus decreased with increasing PLBDL. On the other hand, the PLA/PLBDL blend containing 10 wt% PLBDL showed a 4 fold increase in impact strength. In addition, the elongation
Sotrastaurin mouse at break of the blend containing 10 wt% PLBDL was 467%, showing a 27 fold increase compared to neat PLA. This suggests that the PBD chains on the PLBDL backbone have a significant effect on the impact properties of PLA.”
“Carbon nanotube dispersion in polymer matrix is one of the most crucially important aspects in carbon nanotube/polymer composites. This paper is aimed to discuss the considerable improvement in dispersion of multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) in poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) matrix that was attained through bio-functionalization of MWCNTs. Initially, for getting better dispersion in water, pure MWCNTs have been functionalized by L-phenylalanine amino acid. The functionalized MWCNTs (f-MWCNTs) show much enhanced solubility in water. So, effects of modified MWCNT on dispersion in PVA matrix and certain properties of the resulting composites, like; mechanical, thermal and morphological properties were studied. The prepared composites were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy.