doi: 10.1111/j.1549-8719.2010.00033.x Objective: To examine the association between physical activity measured during leisure, sport, and work and retinal microvascular signs. Methods: Participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, a population-based cross-sectional study, had retinal photographs taken at their third follow up visit (1993–1995). Retinal microvascular signs were assessed using a standardized protocol and retinal vascular caliber by a computer-assisted method. Leisure, sport, and work-related physical activity levels were determined through a modified Baecke physical activity questionnaire. Results:
A higher level of physical activity during sport and work was significantly associated with a lower prevalence of arteriovenous (AV) nicking, wider venular caliber, and retinopathy. BAY 57-1293 cost In multivariate models, persons with a level of sport-related physical activity Doxorubicin research buy above the median were less likely to have AV nicking (odds ratio [OR] = 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.78–0.97) and wider retinal venules (OR = 0.91; 95% CI: 0.83–0.99). Persons with a level of work-related physical activity above the median were less
likely to have diabetic retinopathy (OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.51–0.85). Conclusions: In this cross-sectional analyzes, higher levels of physical activity was associated with a lower prevalence of retinal microvascular abnormalities. “
“To isolate, purify, and cultivate primary retinal microvascular pericytes (RMPs) from rats to facilitate the study of their properties in vitro. Primary RMPs were isolated from weanling rats by mechanical morcel and collagenase digestion, and purified by a step-wise combination of selective medium with different glucose concentrations, medium exchange, and partial enzymatic digestion. Morphology
of RMPs was assessed by phase contrast microscopy. Further characterization was analyzed by immunofluorescence. Functional assay was evaluated by the pericytes- endothelial cells (ECs) coculture system. Retinal microvascular pericytes migrated out of microvascular fragments after 24–48 hours of plating and reached subconfluence on days 14–16. The cells showed typical pericyte morphology with large irregular triangular cell bodies and multiple long processes, and uniformly expressed the cellular markers α-SMA, PDGFR-β, Reverse transcriptase NG2 and desmin, but were negative for vWF, GS, GFAP and SMMHC. Ninety-nine percent of the cell population had double positive staining for α-SMA and PDGFR-β. In the coculture system, RMPs can directly contact ECs and move together to form the capillary-like cords. Retinal microvascular pericytes can be readily obtained by our method. We report the first cultivation of primary RMPs from rats and establish a simple method for their isolation and purification. “
“Please cite this paper as: Bódi N, Talapka P, Poles MZ, Hermesz E, Jancsó Z, Katarova Z, Izbéki F, Wittmann T, Fekete É, Bagyánszki M.