Patient 2 died before further therapy The immune status, presenc

Patient 2 died before further therapy. The immune status, presence, and appropriate therapy of co-existent systemic infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy

in AIDS patients with EBV-LMS are crucial to a favorable outcome.”
“A novel algorithm is presented to segment and reconstruct injected bone cement from a sparse set of X-ray images acquired at arbitrary poses. The sparse X-ray multi-view active contour (SxMAC-pronounced “”smack”") can 1) reconstruct objects for which the background partially occludes the object in X-ray images, 2) use X-ray images acquired on a noncircular trajectory, and 3) incorporate prior computed tomography (CT) information. The algorithm’s BAY 73-4506 mw inputs are preprocessed X-ray images, their associated pose information, and prior CT, if available. The algorithm initiates automated reconstruction using visual hull computation from a sparse number of X-ray images. It then improves the accuracy of the reconstruction by optimizing a geodesic active contour. Experiments with mathematical phantoms demonstrate improvements over a conventional silhouette based BYL719 in vivo approach, and a cadaver experiment demonstrates SxMAC’s ability

to reconstruct high contrast bone cement that has been injected into a femur and achieve sub-millimeter accuracy with four images.”
“Narcolepsy is a chronic hypersomnia characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and manifestations of disrupted rapid eye movement sleep stage (cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hypnagogic/hypnopompic hallucinations). Epacadostat research buy Mechanisms underlying narcolepsy are not fully understood. Experimental data indicate that the disease is caused by a loss of hypocretin neurons in the hypothalamus, likely due to an autoimmune process triggered by environmental factors in susceptible individuals. Most patients with narcolepsy and cataplexy have very low hypocretin-1 levels in the cerebrospinal fluid.

An appropriate clinical history, polysomnogram, and multiple sleep latency test are necessary for diagnosis of the disease. Additionally, two biological markers, i.e., cerebrospinal fluid hypocretin-1 levels and expression of the DQB1*0602 gene, are used. The treatment of narcolepsy is aimed at the different symptoms that the patient manifests. Excessive daytime sleepiness is treated with psychostimulants (amphetamine-like, modafinil and armodafinil). Cataplexy is treated with sodium oxybate (GHB), tricyclic antidepressants, or selective serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors. Sleep paralysis, hallucinations, and fragmented sleep may be treated with sodium oxybate. Patients with narcolepsy should follow proper sleep hygiene and avoid strong emotions.”
“We report a case of cutaneous postradiation angiosarcoma of the breast exhibiting pseudoepidermotropism that resembled metastatic adenocarcinoma on hematoxylin and eosin.

RESULTS: 11 4% of participants reported at least one error in the

RESULTS: 11.4% of participants reported at least one error in their care in the previous two years (8% medical errors, 5.3% medication errors). Poor coordination of care experiences was frequent. 7.8% experienced that test results or medical records were not available, 17.2% received conflicting information from care providers and 11.5% reported that tests were Angiogenesis inhibitor ordered although they had been done before. Age (OR = 0.98, p = 0.014), poor health (OR = 2.95, p = 0.007), utilisation of emergency care (OR = 2.45, p = 0.003), inpatient-stay (OR = 2.31, p = 0.010) and poor care coordination (OR = 5.43, p <0.001) are important predictors for reporting error. For high utilisers

of care that unify multiple risk factors the probability that errors are Tozasertib clinical trial reported rises up to p = 0.8.

CONCLUSIONS: Patient safety remains a major challenge for the Swiss health care system. Despite the health related and economic burden associated with it, the widespread

experience of medical error in some subpopulations also has the potential to erode trust in the health care system as a whole.”
“The relationship between amygdalar volume and anxiety after epilepsy surgery was explored. Participants comprised patients who underwent mesial temporal (n = 26) or non-mesial temporal resections (n = 16) and 41 neurologically normal controls. Anxiety was prospectively measured preoperatively and for the first 12 months postoperatively

using criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Amygdalar volumetry was performed on preoperative and control T1-weighted MRI scans. Resection of an ipsilateral amygdala of normal volume, relative to controls, was associated with postoperative PU-H71 anxiety in patients with mesial temporal resections, regardless of seizure outcome [F(1, 22) = 5.17, P<0.05]. There was no relationship between amygdalar volume and anxiety in patients with non-mesial temporal resections, or between contralateral amygdalar volume and anxiety in patients with mesial temporal resections (P>0.05 for all comparisons). In conclusion, resection or deafferentation of an amygdala with a volume within the normal range was associated with increased postoperative anxiety. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“This paper addresses the question of how spin-dependent transport through a local orbital of a nanosystem exhibiting uniaxial magnetic anisotropy (as in, e. g., magnetic molecules, magnetic adatoms, or quantum dots coupled to a localized magnetic moment) and exchange coupling of conduction electrons to the system’s magnetic core affect the Kondo effect. Spectral functions and linear conductance in the Kondo regime are calculated with the use of the numerical renormalization group method.

The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether investigati

The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether investigations of odor deficits in MCI combined with neuropsychological tests and MRI examinations can improve prediction of the development of dementia. Methods: Changes in olfactory functions, cognitive functions, and volume of medial temporal lobe structures

(hippocampus, parahippocampal gyrus, and amygdala) were evaluated in a 24-month follow-up study in 49 MCI patients and 33 controls. Results: In the MCI group, a prediction of strong cognitive functions deterioration based on poor performance Pifithrin α in Olfactory Identification tests shows sensitivity of 57% and specificity of 88%. The test based on cognitive functions only shows a sensitivity of 44%, and 89%, respectively. Combined tests having a criteria

of poor olfactory identification performance check details AND poor results of neuropsychological tests showed a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 84%. Furthermore, correlation was found between the results of Olfactory Identification tests at baseline and deterioration of cognitive functions at follow up. Odor identification threshold did not appear to be a dementia predictor. A correlation of progress of cognitive function deterioration, odor identification deterioration, and decrease of volume of the hippocampus was also observed. Conclusions: Prediction of MCI to dementia conversion can be improved by supplementing the neuropsychological tests with odor identification tests. A follow up study of hippocampus volume reduction, OI performance and cognitive functions deterioration will further increase prediction accuracy.”
“The magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Ni48Co2Mn35In15 were studied using magnetization and heat capacity measurements. The magnetic entropy change (Delta S-M) was evaluated from both magnetizing and demagnetizing fields. An inverse Delta S-M for the magnetizing and demagnetizing processes were found to be 20.5 and 18.5 J kg(-1) K-1, respectively, for Delta H = 5 T at the martensitic transition (T = T-M). The normal Delta S-M was found to be -5.4 J kg(-1) K-1 for both

Entinostat fields at the paramagnetic/ferromagnetic transition (T = T-C). The effective refrigeration capacity at T-M and T-C for magnetizing field was found to be 268 and 243 J/kg (285 and 243 J/kg for the demagnetizing field), respectively. We have also estimated the density of states, the Debye temperature, and the inverse adiabatic temperature change to be 4.93 states/eV f.u., 314 K, and -3.7 K, respectively, from the measured heat capacity data. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3540696]“
“Supplementary motor area seizures may present with bilateral tonic-clonic movements with no loss of consciousness and no postictal confusion, and patients may be erroneously thought to have psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.

In this case, a 44-year-old woman with diagnosis of Rosai-Dorfman

In this case, a 44-year-old woman with diagnosis of Rosai-Dorfman disease, with xanthelasma-like cutaneous lesions on facial area, extending to her neck and acneiform papules on her back, cervical lymph node involvement, and concomitant presence of diabetes insipidus was presented. Histopathological examination of the lesions demonstrated diffuse lymphocyte, plasmocyte, eosinophil, and sparse neutrophil infiltration, together with histiocytes showing phagocytosed inflammatory

cells (emperipolesis). Histiocytes demonstrated immunoreactivity with the antibodies for CD68 and S100, whereas they were negative for CD1a and Langerin. Laboratory tests were normal, except mild immunoglobulin G hypergammaglobulinemia. Systemic methylprednisolone Mdivi-1 datasheet therapy was effective for cutaneous lesions.”
“Purpose: Intima-media thickness (IMT) assessed in peripheral arteries correlates with presence and progression of atherosclerosis in coronary arteries. IMT measurements may help to select high risk patients and evaluate the efficacy of the therapy used.

AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of ultrasonographic measurement of IMT in atherosclerosis progress monitoring in patients after myocardial infarction (MI).

Patients and Methods: 70 men (mean age 52.8 +/- 8.4) treated with PCI due to

acute myocardial infarction, were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent ultrasound examination of the IMT complex of: common carotid MLN2238 artery (CCA), carotid bulb and common femoral artery (CFA) during hospitalization and follow-up period (3.83 +/- 1.29 years).

Results: During the follow-up 3 patients (4.3%) were not on any medications, 8 pts (11.4%) were on reduced doses of beta-blocker, statin or ACE-I (non-compliant pts.). The others (compliant)

-59 pts (84.3%) received standard pharmacological treatment after MI. Nevertheless, JNJ-26481585 molecular weight an increase of IMT complex value after follow-up compared to initial IMT values of all examined peripheral arteries was observed (respectively: IMT CCA -0.91 +/- 0.26 vs 1.10 +/- 0.36, p=0.002, IMT of carotid bulb -1.31 +/- 0.55 vs 1.82 +/- 0.69, p=0.012, IMT CFA -1.38 +/- 0.64 vs 1.97 +/- 0.75, p=0.014). Non-compliant patients had statistically significant higher IMT values after follow-up when compared to compliant subjects (1.62 vs 1.20, p=0.017). Patients with higher IMT values were reported to have cardiac events more frequently during the follow-up (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Our results provide evidence that ultrasonographic IMT complex assessment of peripheral arteries in everyday clinical practice allows monitoring efficacy of pharmacological therapy in CAD patients after MI. They also suggest treatment intensification if necessary.

Objective We sought to answer the following clinical questions:

Objective. We sought to answer the following clinical questions: (1) Is structured exercise more effective in the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP) than spinal manipulative therapy (SMT)? (2) Is structured exercise buy AZD6738 more effective in the treatment of chronic LBP than acupuncture? (3) Is SMT more effective in the treatment of chronic LBP than acupuncture? (4) Do certain subgroups respond more favorably to specific treatments? (5) Are any of these treatments more cost-effective than the others?

Summary of Background Data. Exercise, SMT, and acupuncture are widely used interventions in the treatment of chronic LBP. There is evidence

that all of these approaches may offer some benefit for patients with chronic LBP when compared with usual care or no treatment. The relative benefits or

cost-effectiveness of any one of these treatments when compared with the others are less well-defined, and it is difficult to identify specific subgroups of those with chronic LBP who may preferentially respond to a particular treatment HSP990 modality.

Methods. A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify randomized controlled trials comparing a structured exercise program, SMT, or acupuncture with one another in patients with chronic LBP.

Results. Two studies were identified comparing the use of structured exercise with SMT that met our inclusion criteria. Although these studies utilized different approaches for the exercise and SMT treatment groups, patients in both groups improved in terms of pain and function in both studies. Using random-effects modeling, there was no difference between the exercise and SMT groups when the data from these studies were pooled. We identified no studies meeting our inclusion criteria that compared acupuncture with either structured exercise or SMT or that addressed

the relative cost-effectiveness of these approaches in the treatment of patients with chronic LBP.

Conclusion. The studies identified indicate that structured exercise and SMT appear to offer equivalent benefits in terms of pain and functional improvement for those with chronic LBP with clinical benefits evident within 8 weeks of care. However, the level of evidence selleck is low. There is insufficient evidence to comment on the relative benefit of acupuncture compared with either structured exercise or SMT or to address the differential effects of structured exercise, SMT, or acupuncture for specific subgroups of individuals with chronic LBP. There is also insufficient evidence regarding the relative cost-effectiveness of structured exercise, SMT, or acupuncture in the treatment of chronic LBP.

Clinical Recommendations. Structured exercise and SMT appear to offer equivalent benefits in the management of pain and function for patients with nonspecific chronic LBP.

(C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc J Appl Polym Sci 120: 896-905, 2

(C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 120: 896-905, 2011″
“Wall shear stress measurements and the distribution size of turbulent structures at the confined zone near the wall were used in order to investigate the cleanability of a part of a dairy processing line consisting Selumetinib mw in a manometer and a two-way valve. Geometry of equipment was discerned as an important factor governing the flow behavior and thereafter the initial contamination and the cleanability of the installation. Interactions between

suspended spores and coherent turbulent structures of different sizes were used to explain the eventual re-adhesion of spores in confined zones of the loop. These interactions also helped to explain the role of the bursting phenomenon in the increase of the wall shear stress which induces spores

detachment. Angiogenesis inhibitor (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Liver ischemia and reperfusion-induced injury is a major clinical complication associated with hemorrhagic or endotoxin shock and thermal injury as well as liver transplantation and resectional surgery. Data obtained from several different studies suggest that an important initiating event in the pathophysiology of ischemia and reperfusion-induced tissue injury is enhanced production of superoxide concomitant with a decrease in the bioavailability of endothelial cell-derived nitric oxide. This review will summarize the evidence supporting the hypothesis that the redox imbalance induced by alterations in superoxide and nitric oxide generation creates a more oxidative environment within the different cells of the liver that enhances the nuclear transcription factor-kappa B-dependent expression of a variety of different cytokines and mediators find more that may promote as well as limit ischemia and reperfusion-induced hepatocellular injury. In addition, the evidence implicating endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase-dependent and -independent generation of nitric oxide as important regulatory pathways that act to limit ischemia and reperfusion-induced liver

injury and inflammation is also presented.”
“By employing the melt blending method, selective hindered amines were oriented to disperse in the hard phase of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). The microstructure and performance of organic hybrids consisting of TPU and poly-[(1-hydroxyethyl -2,2,6,6- tetramethyl-4-hydroxyl piperidine)]-glycolsuccinate (GW-622) and poly[6-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl) -imino]-[1,3,5-triazine-2,4- dimethyl] 1242,2,6,6- tetramethyl piperidinyl)- imino]-cyclohexane-[4-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl piperidinyl)-imino] (GW-944) were investigated by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electric microscopy (SEM), and tensile measurement.

The magnitude of the transmitted shear wave is measured via a tra

The magnitude of the transmitted shear wave is measured via a transverse velocity interferometer system from which the sample strength is determined. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3517790]“
“BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether the type of preservation solution significantly alters outcomes in lung transplantation, with particular emphasis on primary graft dysfunction and mortality.

METHODS: Data on 310 consecutive lung transplant patients, which were prospectively collected, were analyzed. The main outcome variables were all-cause mortality and primary graft dysfunction. Patients were grouped according

to donor organ preservation solution, either Euro-Collins, Papworth solution or Perfadex. Multivariate analysis with an additional sensitivity selleck chemicals analysis utilizing a propensity score for the use of Papworth solution was’ performed.

RESULTS: Papworth solution was associated with significantly JPH203 concentration increased mortality compared with the other preservation solutions [odds ratio (OR) = 2.36 (1.21 to 4.58), p = 0.01]. Perfadex was associated with a reduced incidence of primary graft dysfunction

at 48 hours (OR = 0.23 [0.08 to 0.68], p = 0.008). Increasing donor age was also associated with increased risk of death (OR = 1.03 [1.01 to 1.04], p = 0.004).

CONCLUSION: Papworth solution for donor lung preservation is associated with an increased mortality in lung transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant 2011;30:414-9 Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Diamond has unique properties which make it the ideal material for use in synchrotron instrumentation. X-ray optics made of diamond are almost transparent, they possess strength, and are subject to very low thermal expansion; therefore they will be able to withstand Kinase inhibitor Library the powerful beams generated by fourth-generation light sources without compromising brilliance. For this reason, several groups are

attempting fabrication of refractive lenses and zone plates made of diamond. Lithography and, in general, microfabrication technology, are the ultimate tools for the innovation of synchrotron focusing optics. We propose to combine modern silicon microtechnology with advanced deposition methods to fabricate nanocrystalline-diamond lenses for third-and fourth-generation synchrotron sources. The fabrication method is described here and microfocusing synchrotron tests are illustrated. (c) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3517060]“
“BACKGROUND: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) contributes to morbidity and mortality after transplantation. We examined the effect of immunosuppressive regimen on the risk of developing PTLD after pediatric heart transplantation.

Time between first RF application and AF termination, and RF dura

Time between first RF application and AF termination, and RF duration until AF termination, was recorded. CFAE area/total LA surface was also

measured on CARTO maps (Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA). These measures served to evaluate ablation difficulty, and were correlated with CMR images by double-blinded analysis.

Results: Ablation restored sinus rhythm in 20 of 22 patients (91%), with a time to terminate AF of 140 +/- 91 minutes. There was a significant correlation between the global averaged DE-CMR fibrosis grade and the electrophysiological substrate indexes such as “”time to terminate AF”" (Rho = 0.70, P = 0.0003), “”RF duration until AF termination”" (Rho = 0.65, P = 0.001), and a trend toward correlation with “”CFAE area/LA surface”" (Rho = 0.47, MEK inhibitor P = 0.03).

Conclusions: LA DE-CMR can predict increased difficulty of CFAE ablation in AF. This tool may be beneficial in both selection of patients and ablation strategy. (PACE 2011; 34:1267-1277)”
“Purpose: The space environment contains two major biologically significant influences; space radiations and microgravity. The 53 kDa tumour suppressor protein (p53) plays a role as a guardian of the genome through

the activity of p53-centered signal transduction pathways. The aim of this study was to clarify the biological effects of space radiations, microgravity, and the space environment on the gene expression of p53-regulated genes.

Materials and methods: Space experiments were performed with two human cultured lymphoblastoid cell lines; one line (TSCE5) bears DMH1 molecular weight a wild-type p53 gene status, and another line (WTK1) bears a mutated p53 gene status. Under one gravity or microgravity conditions, the cells were grown in the cell biology experimental facility (CBEF) of the International Space Station for 8 days without experiencing stress during launching and landing because the cells were frozen during

these periods. Ground Ralimetinib control samples also were cultured for 8 days in the CBEF on the ground during the spaceflight. Gene expression was analysed using an Agilent Technologies 44 k whole human genome microarray DNA chip.

Results: p53-dependent up-regulated gene expression was observed for 111, 95, and 328 genes and p53-dependent down-regulated gene expression was found for 177, 16, and 282 genes after exposure to space radiations, to microgravity, and to both, respectively.

Conclusions: The data provide the p53-dependent regulated genes by exposure to radiations and/or microgravity during spaceflight. Our expression data revealed genes that might help to advance the basic space radiation biology.”
“In this paper we investigate the Jahn-Teller distortion and magnetic property in parent and doped anisotropic triangular compound NaxMnO2. We first determine the Jahn-Teller distortion modes of the MnO6 octahedra by minimizing the potential energy.

5%), and type II opening in 48 patients (68 5%) In 5 cases, the

5%), and type II opening in 48 patients (68.5%). In 5 cases, the opening posterior to the transverse palatine suture was paramedian.

Conclusion. Computed tomography allows the evaluation and classification of midpalatal suture openings after SARME with pterygomaxillary disjunction in type I (total) and type II (partial) MPS openings. (Oral Surg Oral

Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010;110:41-45)”
“BACKGROUND: Several studies have indicated that survival after heart transplantation is affected by donor recipient sex matching. In most studies, male recipients of a female heart have the poorest survival rates, whereas survival of female recipients is not affected by donor sex. The purpose of the current study was to determine the long-term outcomes of recipients at a large single center on uniform immunosuppression therapy in the current era.

METHODS: We reviewed the records of 857 patients transplanted at a single selleck screening library center between 1994 and 2008. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on donor recipient sex: male donor to male recipient (male/male, n = 506); VEGFR inhibitor female donor to female recipient (female/female, n = 113); male donor to

female recipient (male/female, n = 106); and female donor to male recipient (female/male, n = 132). Ten-year outcomes were assessed for: survival; freedom from cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV); and freedom from non-fatal major adverse cardiac events (NF-MACE).

RESULTS: Ten-year actuarial survival was comparable in male/male and female/female groups, at 69% and 71%, respectively (p > 0.05). Compared with

PF 00299804 the male/male group, 10-year actuarial survival was significantly lower in the sex-mismatch groups: 58% in the male/female group (p = 0.03) and 59% in the female/male group (p = 0.01). There was no significant difference in 10-year freedom from CAV or NF-MACE among the groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Heart transplant patients with donor recipient sex mismatch have lower survival, extending the results of prior studies to suggest that sex mismatch is undesirable in female, as well as male, recipients. This may impact donor selection and recipient wait time to transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant 2011;30:1018-22 (C) 2011 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. All rights reserved.”
“Using density functional theory (DFT), we have studied the effect of carbon concentration Z on the shear modulus G, elastic constant c(ij), and Poisson ratio nu of carbides (W(1/2)Al(1/2))C(Z) while the most stable structures are determined by calculating the lowest formation energy. It is found that the maximal G value and the lowest Poisson ratio nu value are reached at Z = 3/4 due to atomic configuration changes, additionally, G values of (W1/2Al1/2) CZ should be lower than that of WC due to lower c(ij) values.

Additionally, acute methamphetamine decreased extracellular gluta

Additionally, acute methamphetamine decreased extracellular glutamate in both SAL and METH-NC animals at both time-points. In contrast, METH-SA rats exhibited a modest and delayed rise in glutamate at 1-day withdrawal and this rise was sensitized at 21 days withdrawal. Finally, no net-flux microdialysis revealed elevated Defactinib cost basal glutamate and increased extraction fraction at both withdrawal time-points in METH-SA rats. Although METH-NC rats exhibited no change in the glutamate extraction fraction, they exhibited a time-dependent elevation in basal glutamate levels. These data illustrate for the first time that a history of methamphetamine

self-administration produces enduring changes in NAC neurotransmission and that non-pharmacological factors have a critical role in the expression of these methamphetamine-induced neurochemical adaptations. Neuropsychopharmacology (2012) 37, 707-722; doi: 10.1038/npp.2011.248; published online 26 October 2011″
“Despite unprecedented international mobilisation to support universal provision of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), national governments continue to play the key

role in determining access to treatment. Whereas some AIDS-affected countries have performed as well as or better than expected given their level of development, institutional characteristics and demographic challenges (e.g. Thailand and Brazil), P5091 purchase others (notably South Africa) have not. This article

argues that the ‘economics’ of antiretroviral drug delivery is at heart a political-economy of access to treatment. It depends on commitment 3-deazaneplanocin A mw on the part of national governments to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies over patented antiretroviral drug prices, on their policy towards compulsory licensing, and on the approach they adopt to delivering HAART. Civil society has an important role to play in encouraging governments to become, and remain, committed to taking action to ensure sustainable and widespread access to HAART.”
“Systemic candidiasis (SC) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, because it generally affects patients with severe underlying diseases and its diagnosis is difficult and often delayed, resulting in delayed therapy. We used serological proteome analysis to screen serum anti-Candida IgG antibody-reactivity profiles in 24 patients under intensive care, 12 of which had confirmed SC (fungal cultures), and in 12 healthy subjects. A total of 15 immunogenic proteins from Candida albicans protoplast lysates were differentially immunorecognized by serum IgG antibodies from SC patients compared to controls. Two-way hierarchical clustering and principalcomponent analyses of these antibody-reactivity patterns accurately differentiated SC patients from controls. Anti-Enolp IgG antibodies were found to be present at high abundance in SC patients and be an important molecular fingerprint in serum for SC diagnosis.